Basic car maintenance and checks

Knowing how to perform basic checks and maintenance is not just required as part of your test but it also very useful once you are driving on your own. You can see the questions that could be put to you below.

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Q1 Answer - At an appropriate opportunity use the REAR windscreen washer


Q2 Answer - At an appropriate opportunity use the FRONT windscreen washer


Q3 Answer - Use the headlight switch to change the light settings


Q4 Answer - Set the relavant control


Q5 Answer - When appropriate operate the horn


Q6 Answer - Set the heating controls to de-mist the front windscreen


Q7 Answer - Use the window control to open the window


Q8 Answer - Brakes should not feel spongy or slack. Brakes should be tested as you set off. Vehicle should not pull to one side.


Q9 Answer - Manufacturer's guide, use a reliable pressure guage, check and adjust pressures when the tyres are cold, don't forget the spare tyre, remember to refit valve caps.


Q10 Answer - The head restraint should be adjusted so the rigid part of the head restraint is at least as high the eye or top of the ears, and as close to the back of the head as is comfortable. Note: Some restraints might not be adjustable.


Q11 Answer - No cuts and bulges, 1.6mm of tread depth across the central three quarters of the breadth of the tyre, and around the entire outer circumference.


Q12 Answer - The warning light should become illuminated on the instrument panel if there is a fault.


Q13 Answer - Explain you'd operate the switch (turn on the ignition if necessary), and then walk around vehicle (as this is 'tell me', you don't need to physically check the lights).


Q14 Answer - Explain you'd operate the switch (turn on the ignition if necessary), and then walk around vehicle (as this is 'tell me', you don't need to physically check the lights).


Q15 Answer - Explain you'd operate the brake pedal , make use of reflections in windows or doors, or ask someone to help.


Q16 Answer - If the steering becomes heavy. the system may not be working properly. Before starting a journey, 2 simple checks can be made. Gentle pressure on the steering wheel, maintained while the engine is started, should result in a slight but noticeable movement as the system begins to operate. Alternatively tuning the wheel just after moving off will give an immediate indication that the power assistance is functioning.


Q17 Answer - Operate switch (turn on dipped headlights and ignition if necessary). Check warning light is on. Explain use.


Q18 Answer - Operate switch (turn on dipped headlights and ignition if necessary). Check with main beam warning light.


Q19 Answer - Identify dipsick/oil level indicator, describe check of oil level against minimum and maximum markers.


Q20 Answer - Identify high and low level markings on header tank where fitted or radiator filler cap, and describe how to top up to correct level.


Q21 Answer - Identify reservoir, check level against high and low markings.


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